Archive for June, 2011

Persian Rugs: Tabriz “Zohreh”

Master “Haj Hamid Kimia” was born in Tabriz in 1926. Right after his childhood, he started work at his father’s pharmacy, and continued working with medicines until he was 30 years old. Then, with the helpful guidance and consultations of a friend, he entered the production of rugs, and shortly became a prominent producer due to his exceptional talent and leadership.

Master Kimia, Tabriz "Zohreh"

Master Kimia, Tabriz "Zohreh"

Master Kimia established a concentrated workshop on Pastour Ave. in Tabriz with 50 looms set up to produce rugs of different sizes. According to almost all experts of Tabriz rugs, master’s workshop was the best managed and the most efficient of them all. Designing the intricate patterns was done by one of the best masters in the field, the late “Habibollah Amirafshar”. The wool was dyed by the well-known, late master “Mehdi” with 100% natural dyes. According to master Kimia himself, all his production items are signed “Zohreh”, which is the name of his oldest daughter, and chosen as a production brand name due to his enormous love for her.

Tabriz “Zohreh” rugs have been produced in sizes between 6’ X 9’ up to about 16’ X 25’, using the finest imported New Zeland wool, together with the highest quality Kashan silk, with the number of knots per square inch (KPSI) ranging from 350 up to about 650. No rugs with lower or higher KPSI were ever woven in his workshops. In 1978, following the revolution in Iran, the master was faced with unpleasant challenges; his workshop as well as his “sanitized cotton” factory were seized, and his half-woven rugs were finished by some none-experts, resulting in pieces signed by “Zohreh” of an inferior quality. He officially announced that such pieces are from the period he did not manage the work himself. Master Kimia moved to Fariman, Mashad for 25 years, established a new workshop, and produced “Zohreh” Tabriz rugs in his new workshop.

Eventually in 2003, at the age of 85, having gone through lots of hardship in the rug production, he returned to, and settled in Tabriz. The climax of his rug production goes back to the period between 1955 and 1978, with the highest quality “Zohreh” Tabriz rugs having been produced during these years, and now about 50 years old. The more recent productions belong to the Mashad workshop.

NOTE: The above article is the exact word of the master himself, no major modifications have been applied by the author.

Persian Rugs, Oriental Rugs

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Persian Rugs, Oriental Rugs: Stain Removal Techniques

Being the focal point of any space, people usually try to be extra careful when it comes to their area rugs, specially for the more expensive type. But, we have no control over accidents. Kids, or even adults for that matter, will occasionally spill food, drinks, or even nail polish on your favorite rug. We advise you to be a bit prepared for such situations.

Perhaps, the most important thing is to try and remain calm, while resisting the temptation of rubbing over the spot with any towel you can get your hands on. Spots tend to become harder to remove the longer they sit in the rug. So get to it fast. Avoid using spot removing products on rugs with a wool pile as these products are mostly intended for synthetic fibers. What follows here is merely suggestions for first-aid purposes and will not guarantee the complete removal of any stain. In many cases, stubborn stains need to be removed by a professional. Note that the use of a clean white towel is emphasized in the instructions below. Any color other than white creates the possibility of those colors being transferred to the pile of the rug.

Common spots of foodstuff:

In a small bowl of luke warm water (approximately 16 Oz.), add two spoons of regular dish detergent, and one spoon of white vinegar. Blot the stain and avoid scrubbing it as the stain will only penetrate deeper into the pile. Use a dry sponge or a clean white towel and try to pick up the stain from the surface. You may have to do this more than once.

Spots of beverages:

An old method for this type of spill is to try and pick up as much of the liquid as possible using a regular spoon. It can get more of the liquid out of your rug than you might think. Try to remove as much of the stain as possible using cold water first. Afterwards, follow the instructions above (for foodstuff).

Persian Rugs, Oriental Rugs: Stain Removal Techniques

Persian Rugs, Oriental Rugs: Stain Removal Techniques

Dogs and Cats Stains:

Pets and rugs usually do not go well together. In fact, more rugs are destroyed by pets than any other source. For any spots caused by your pet (urine, vomit, etc.) here is what you need to do:

Use thick paper towels and clean as much of the stain as possible by applying pressure. Prepare a solution as described in the first section above (for foodstuff) and blot the stain generously. Now using a clean white towel, try to dry up the spot. You may need to repeat these steps several times in order to remove the odor completely. If the odor remains in your rug, your pet may get the idea that your rug is the right place for him to use as a toilet in the future.

Nail Polish

Nail polish tends to be one of the toughest stains to remove. Blot the spot with isopropyl alcohol using a clean white towel. Give it a few minutes and if the spot is fading, repeat the above instructions. If not, mix warm water and nail polish remover and blot. The alcohol may damage the colors of the pile, so we advise you to try it on a small area first. The key is to avoid rubbing the spot in spite of the temptation.


Prepare a solution as explained in “common spots of foodstuff” and blot the spot. Try to pick it up with a white clean towel. Do not rub the spot. If you are not happy with the results, try some isopropyl alcohol using a clean white towel.


For a spot of blood, begin by using cold water and trying to pick up as much of the spot as possible with a clean white cloth. Afterwards, prepare a solution as explained above in the “common spots of foodstuff” and blot the stain. Use a clean white towel again to remove it. Here again, avoid rubbing the spot despite the temptation.

If you do not succeed removing any spot on your beloved rug, just remember that the sooner you get it to a professional, the easier and less costly it would be to remove the stain. Removing stains on wool rugs is such a difficult (and often costly) task that we recommend you use all possible precautions to avoid them in the first place.

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